Don't we just lament today that our leaders are not only corrupt, but lack such dignified knowledge! I'm certain there are other Ron Pauls out there that are honorable and faithful. We must find them, encourage them, and support them. I found one such individual over 30 years ago in Schenectady, NY who would have been my candidate. But, in our morally crippled, uninformed electorate climate, the likelihood of his election would have been tenuous. Furthermore, he was frightful he may be corrupted and foresake his oath, losing faith in his redeemer. Precisely the character and reverence to God our country is screaming for!
Here's a glimpse at just one. The Index is listed afterwards. Carefully selected reading is the best method of self-education. Begin now.
Charles Holt, editor of the Democratic-Republican journal New London Bee, was indicted in October 1799 as “a wicked, malicious, seditious and ill-disposed person … greatly disaffected to the government of the United States” and charged with sedition after writing an article in the Bee critical of Alexander Hamilton and the standing army he commanded.
The Bee had the misfortune of being the most active Democratic-Republican journal in Connecticut, the most Federalist of all the states. Holt’s two main sources of advertising revenue, merchants and the government, were predominantly Federalists who refused to subsidize the Bee’s strong anti-Federalist views. They also both worked to restrict the size of Holt’s subscription base and readership, declaring to New London’s tradesmen and laborers that they would “employ no man that takes the Bee.”
In the months between his arrest and trial, Holt’s journal became even more partisan. He began to publish a regular roster of Sedition Act defendants all over the country, pointedly appending it to a list of British journalists victimized by repression in their country. This commitment continued after Holt’s release and changed the course of his life. He became an active participant in the electoral process by tracking and lauding Republican electoral successes and by printing a biography of Thomas Jefferson in an effort to alleviate fears about Jefferson’s alleged atheism and libertinism. These and other publications made Holt’s Bee the most influential and effective Democratic-Republican journal in the nation.
During Holt’s trial in April 1800, the crowds gathered to witness the hearings became so large that it was necessary to adjourn to a meetinghouse to accommodate spectators. Holt pleaded not guilty, resting his defense upon the unconstitutionality of the Sedition Act and his innocence of any evil intent in publishing the alleged libel. He had published, he said, only “moral arguments against the vices and abuses of military establishments, and an army confessedly useless, and subsequently abolished.” The judge in the case, however, disagreed. Justice Bushrod Washington upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act and pronounced Holt’s publication as seditious libel. Holt was sentenced to six months in jail and fined $200. The Bee suspended publication for a few weeks following Holt’s sentence, but with the aid of new capital Holt resumed his editorial duties from his prison cell.
TO BE CONTINUED...
Antifederalist Papers Index*
*The Anti-Federalist Papers, Edited with an Introduction by Morton Borden, Michigan State University Press, 1965, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 65-17929. I encourage you to obtain the book by Borden and review the editorial comments and background information on these writings. As it was with those in favor of the proposed constitution, there were a number of writers who were opposed to its ratification. Although not as organized as the proponents of the constitution, a number of these writers in disparate portions of the new states made several significant points which, though they did not carry the day in the constitutional ratification debates, did raise important issues for the new American republic. Some of the issues raised in these papers resulted in the adoption of the Bill of Rights, and have impacted some decisions of the United States Supreme Court on important constitutional questions. GWR.